Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa. It is three times larger than the French territory and twice as large as Venezuela. Most of the citizens are settled in the coastal strip. During the twentieth century population density barely exceeded the two inhabitants per square kilometer, due to the great extensions of desert that make up the country.
Most of the territory of Libya is almost completely devoid of natural vegetation which only appears scattered. Throughout the land it is possible to find oases populated with date palms, as well as olive and orange trees. It is the perfect destination for those who love off-road routes, loneliness and adventure.
Climatic conditions are mainly influenced by the Mediterranean Sea in the north and the Sahara Desert in the south. It is worth to mention that three types of weather can be identified in this territory.
The strip of the Mediterranean coast is characterized for its dry summers and relatively humid winters. The mountains at the south have a humid and rainy weather as well as low temperatures with formation of snow in the summits.
As you enter the Sahara you can observe the typical conditions of the desert. The weather of this region is characterized for its high temperatures during the day that are significantly reduced at night. The rain is irregular and decreases progressively until it finally disappears.
Libya is the first cultural and geographical bridge between Egypt and the Arab lands of the east. This country acts as a link between the European Mediterranean and the African Sahara. It is an eminently oil country. It initially operated under the aegis of US and European offshore corporations. However, in the late sixties oil exploitation was nationalized.
Libya has abundant resources of petroleum with a low content of sulfur. They generate very important revenues which have turned it into the richest country of Africa. Economy is also benefited by the exploitation of natural gas, limestone, and sea salt.
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الشؤون الثقافية والإعلامية