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  • Libyan Transitional Government
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Ministry of International Cooperation


Small history of the Libyan people

Libya is a North African nation. It is constituted by the old historical regions of Cirenaica, Tripolitania and Fezan. Different cultures have left their mark in this country. According to recent archaeological discoveries it has been concluded that this territory was inhabited during the Stone and Bronze Age. Discover the most outstanding features of this nation.


An important link between the Mediterranean and the Sahara

The country is now facing a very difficult transition conditioned by the pressure from the international community and the marked traditional division of Libya caused by political parties. It was invaded by Italy at the beginning of twentieth century and subdued as colonial territory. Such influence can be perceived these days on its culinary specialties. Only after the end of Second World War this nation obtained its independence.


There are records dating from the 2nd century BC that document the history of Libyan territory. For centuries this nation was invaded by many cultures including the Byzantine Empire, the dynasties of the Umayyads and the Ottoman Empire to mention some.

In December 1951 Idris I proclaimed the Independence of the United Kingdom of Libya. Elections were subsequently celebrated and Parliament members had their first meeting in March of the next year.

The influence exerted by the Ghaddafi regime

Muammar al-Ghaddafi, son of nomadic Bedouins, initiated in the late 1960s an insurrection that quickly overthrew the monarchy. The Council of the Revolution led by him eliminated the US and British military bases. This regime imposed restrictions on the offshore corporations that were installed in the country and took control of oil production without dissolving business relationships with foreign companies.

Ghaddafi launched an ambitious modernization project emphasizing agricultural development. Each rural family was entitled to an average of ten hectares of land, a tractor, housing, tools, and irrigation. Due to the rapid economic growth Libya had to resort to the immigration of workers from around the world.

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